The angulon quasiparticle: from molecules in superfluids to ultrafast magnetism
TYPESpecial Seminar - Solid State Institute, Technion
Speaker:Professor Mikhail Lemeshko
Affiliation:Institute of Science and Technology Austria
Date:23.11.2017
Time:12:30 - 13:30
Location:
Remark:Host: Prof. Nimrod Moiseyev
Presentation:
Abstract:

 


Recently we have predicted a new quasiparticle - the angulon - which is formed when a quantum impurity (such as an electron, atom, or molecule) exchanges its orbital angular momentum with a many-particle environment (such as lattice phonons or a Fermi sea) [1,2].

Soon thereafter we obtained strong evidence that angulons do exist, and are formed in experiments on molecules trapped inside superfluid helium nanodroplets [3]. The angulon theory thereby provided a simple explanation for experimental data accumulated during last two decades. Moreover, casting the many-particle problem in terms of angulons amounts to a drastic simplification and allows to tackle previously intractable problems related to quantum dynamics [4].

In this presentation we will introduce the angulon concept and discuss novel physical phenomena [1,5] arising from the angular momentum exchange in quantum many-particle systems. We will describe the applications of angulons to modern experiments on quantum impurities and on non-equilibrium magnetism.



[1] R. Schmidt, M. Lemeshko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 203001 (2015) [2] R. Schmidt, M. Lemeshko, Phys. Rev. X 6, 011012 (2016) [3] M. Lemeshko, Phys. Rev. Lett., 118, 095301 (2017); Viewpoint: Physics 10, 20 (2017) [4] B. Shepperson, A. A. Sondergaard, L. Christiansen, J. Kaczmarczyk, R. E. Zillich, M. Lemeshko, H. Stapelfeldt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 203203 (2017) [5] E. Yakaboylu, M. Lemeshko, Phys. Rev. Lett., 118, 085302 (2017).