Measurement induced criticality in many-body states

Speaker:Ehud Altman
Time:14:30 - 15:30
Location:Lidow Rosen Auditorium (323)

A strange aspect of quantum mechanics is what Einstein called “spooky action at a distance”: measuring the spin of one particle of an EPR pair leads to wavefunction collapse that instantaneously changes the correlation between the two particles regardless of how far they are separated. I will discuss how such measurement induced quantum collapse is generalized to entangled states of many particles. In particular I  will show how local measurements of a quantum state can induce a phase transition that instantaneously modifies the quantum correlations at arbitrary long distances. I will explain how this transition can be analyzed through a mapping to a statistical field theory with boundary criticality and discuss a realistic scheme for observing these phenomena in experiments.