Floquet Hopf Insulators

TYPECondensed Matter Seminar
Speaker:Thomas Schuster
Time:13:30 - 14:30
Location:Lidow Nathan Rosen (300)

We predict the existence of a novel Floquet topological insulator in three-dimensional two-band systems, the Floquet Hopf insulator, which possesses two distinct topological invariants. One is the Hopf Z invariant, a linking number characterizing the (non-driven) Hopf topological insulator. The second invariant is an intrinsically Floquet Z2 invariant, and represents a condensed matter realization of the topology underlying the Witten anomaly in particle physics. Both invariants arise from topological defects in the system's time-evolution, subject to a process in which defects at different quasienergy exchange even amounts of topological charge. Their contrasting classifications lead to a measurable physical consequence, namely, an unusual bulk-boundary correspondence where gapless edge modes are topologically protected, but may exist at either 0- or pi-quasienergy. Our results represent a phase of matter beyond the conventional classification of Floquet topological insulators.