"Photonic Time-Crystals"

TYPESolid State Institute Seminar
Speaker:Yonatan Sharabi
Affiliation:Department of Physics and the Solid State Institute Technion
Time:12:30 - 13:30
Location:Solid State Auditorium(Entrance)
Remark:Ph.D. student of Distinguished Professor Moti Segev


Photonic time-crystals (PTC) are photonic systems with refractive index varying periodically in time: n(t) = n(t+T). When the electromagnetic parameters of a material, permittivity or permeability, change in time, new waves emerge, resulting from time-reflection and time-refraction. For example, an initial plane wave refracts into a propagating and a counter-propagating plane wave. Such systems conserve momentum (wavenumber k) but not energy (frequency ω), implying that the frequency of both time-reflected and time-refracted waves is different than the original frequency.

In my talk, I will review the fundamental physical mechanisms and conservation laws of PTCs as well as several aspects of PTC we studied in our group. I will begin by discussing the topology of PTCs, how to define the topological constant and its physical observables. The second topic will be disordered PTCs – PTCs that vary in time in a random fashion, and underpin the similarities and differences from Anderson localization. Finally, I will discuss spatiotemporal photonic crystals – photonic systems varying periodically in both time and space, exhibiting entirely new physics.