Shining light on Spintronics: From detection of orbital currents to unlocking an elementary interaction between light and magnetism using insights fro

TYPECondensed Matter Seminar
Speaker:Amir Capua
Time:14:30 - 15:30
Location:Solid State Auditorium(Entrance)

The ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) experiment is pivotal for detecting spin currents in Spintronics technology. It occurs on Gigahertz timescales due the relatively slow relaxation time of the spins in ferromagnets. In contrast, optical fields oscillate much faster, at ∼ 400 − 800 THz. Therefore, it seems unlikely that such fast-oscillating fields may interact with magnetic moments. In this talk, I will start by discussing our recent report of the efficient generation of spin currents from the orbital Hall effect. I will demonstrate the technology in pure Cu and Al which are two key metals in the semiconductor industry due to their superior electrical and thermal conductivity. I will then show that by combining principles from quantum optics, the equations governing the FMR experiment are even relevant to magnetic fields that oscillate at much faster optical frequencies. Namely, the interaction between optical beams and the magnetization is made possible. We find that the strength of the interaction is determined by an elementary efficiency parameter , where is the amplitude of the optical magnetic field, is the dissipation rate of spin angular momentum to the lattice, and and are the optical frequency and gyromagnetic ratio. Our results can explain a variety of highly debated experimental observations on the interactions between optical fields and ferromagnets that have been reported in the last 25 years.