Observation of Universal Ageing Dynamics in Antibiotic Persistence

Speaker:Prof. Nathalie Q. Balaban
Affiliation:Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University
Organizer:Yoav Sagi
Time:14:30 - 15:30
Location:Lidow Rosen Auditorium (323)

Stress responses allow cells to adapt to changes in external conditions by activating specific pathways. Here we investigate the dynamics of single cells that were subjected to acute stress that is too strong for a regulated response but not lethal. We show that when the growth of bacteria is arrested by acute transient exposure to strong inhibitors, the statistics of their regrowth dynamics can be predicted by a model for the cellular network that ignores most of the details of the underlying molecular interactions. By measuring the regrowth dynamics after stress exposure on thousands of cells, we show that the model can predict the outcome of antibiotic persistence measurements. More generally, our approach suggests that two different cellular states can be observed under stress: a regulated state, which prepares cells for fast recovery, and a disrupted cellular state due to acute stress, with slow and heterogeneous recovery dynamics. The disrupted state may be described by general properties of large random networks rather than by specific pathway activation. Better understanding of the disrupted state could shed new light on the survival and evolution of cells under stress.


Zoom link: https://technion.zoom.us/j/99989546990