Immobile topological quantum matter

TYPECondensed Matter Seminar
Speaker:Leo Radzihovsky
Affiliation:University of Colorado at Boulder
Organizer:Daniel Podolsky
Location:Lidow Nathan Rosen (300)

I will discuss the burgeoning field of "fractons" - a class of models where quasi-particles are strictly immobile or display restricted mobility. Focussing on just a corner of this fast-growing subject, I will explain how one class of such theories - symmetric tensor gauge theories surprisingly emerge from seemingly mundane elasticity of a two-dimensional quantum crystal. The disclination and dislocation crystal defects respectively map onto charges and dipoles of the fracton gauge theory. This fracton-elasticity duality leads to predictions of fractonic phases and quantum phase transitions to their descendants, that are duals of the commensurate crystal, supersolid, smectic, and hexatic liquid crystals. Extensions of this duality to generalized elasticity theories provide a route to discovery of new fractonic models and their potential experimental realizations.