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Current at a distance and resonant transparency in Weyl semimetals

TYPECondensed Matter Seminar
Speaker:Yuval Baum
Affiliation:Weizmann Institute
Location:Lidow Nathan Rosen (300)

Topology in various guises plays a central role in modern condensed matter physics. Although the original applications of topological ideas to band structures relied on the existence of a fully gapped bulk spectrum, more recently it has been recognized that protected surface states can arise even in gapless systems. The prototypical example of a gapless topological phase is a Weyl semimetal.

 Surface Fermi arcs are the most prominent manifestation of the topological nature of Weyl semimetals. In the presence of a static magnetic field oriented perpendicular to the sample surface, their existence leads to unique inter-surface cyclotron orbits.  We demonstrate that in the presence of such a field, the unusual inter-surface cyclotron orbits on the Fermi arcs lead to the generation of a non-local current across the extent of a sample.

 As a result, we are able to propose two experiments which directly probe the Fermi arcs: a magnetic field dependent non-local DC voltage and sharp resonances in the transmission of electromagnetic waves at frequencies controlled by the field. We show that these experiments do not rely on quantum mechanical phase coherence, which renders them far more robust and experimentally accessible than quantum effects. We also comment on the applicability of these ideas to Dirac semimetals.

[1] Y. Baum, E. Berg, S.A. Parameswaran and A. Stern, ``Current at a distance and resonant transparency in Weyl semimetals'', Phys. Rev. X 5, 041046 (2015).