String theory and strong interactions

Speaker:Prof. Igor Klebanov
Affiliation:Princeton University
Location:Lidow Rosen Auditorium (323)

String theory was originally invented to describe hadrons, but soon after Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) emerged as the precise theory of the strong nuclear force. A quarter century later it was understood that string theory and certain gauge theories akin to QCD are in fact different descriptions of the same physics. I will review the basic relations between gauge theories and strings, and will motivate the exact gauge/string dualities by studying coincident D-branes. I will also discuss applications of these ideas to theories at finite temperature and to theories which exhibit color confinement. The colloquium will also cover some of the recent progress, including the quantum entanglement entropy and three-dimensional conformal field theory.