Towards ultrafast sub-wavelength microscopy

TYPESolid State Institute Seminar
Speaker:Pavel Sidorenko
Affiliation:Physics Department and Solid State Institute, Technion
Time:11:00 - 12:00
Location:Solid State Auditorium(Entrance)
Remark:Ph.D. Student of Associate Professor Oren Cohen


Progress in super-resolution microscopy has been pushing forward many fields in science, medicine and technology. While proliferation of super-resolution techniques have been established, they all suffer from relatively long acquisition time because they either require point-by-point scanning or necessitate multiple exposures. For many applications, both high spatial and temporal resolutions are desired. I will present major progress towards ultrafast, label-free, subwavelength and linear microscopy of complex (amplitude and phase) objects, by overcoming two critical limitations in ptychography - a powerful scanning-based coherent diffraction imaging technique. First, I will present a method for single-shot ptychography, where tens or hundreds of intensity diffraction patterns from array of partially overlapping illuminating spots are recorded in a single exposure. Then, I will show sub-wavelength ptychography by employing two approaches: i) utilization of the fact that in ptychography, the accuracy of the probes relative positions (which corresponds to the accuracy of the scanning step size) can be sub-wavelength. ii) The sought information (the complex-valued transmission function of the object) can be represented compactly (sparsely) in real space or in a suitable mathematical basis.