Tuning across the BCS-BEC crossover in superconducting Fe_(1+y) Se_x Te_(1-x) : An angle-resolved photoemission study

TYPEStudent Seminar
Speaker:Shahar Rinott
Affiliation:Physics department - Technion
Location:Lidow Nathan Rosen (300)
Abstract:The crossover from Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) superconductivity to Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) was never realized in quantum materials. It is difficult to realize because, unlike in ultra cold atoms, one cannot tune the pairing interaction. We realize the BCS-BEC crossover in a nearly compensated semimetal Fe_(1+y) Se_x Te_(1-x) by tuning the Fermi energy εF via chemical doping, which permits us to systematically change Δ/εF  from 0.16 to 0.50, where Δ is the superconducting (SC) gap.
We use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to measure the Fermi energy, the SC gap and characteristic changes in the SC state electronic dispersion as the system evolves from a BCS to a BEC regime. Our results raise important questions about the crossover in multi-band superconductors which go beyond those addressed in the context of cold atoms.