Attosecond science on the nano-scale

TYPESolid State Institute Seminar
Speaker:Dr. Michael Krueger
Affiliation:Faculty of Physics Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Time:12:30 - 13:30
Location:Solid State Auditorium(Entrance)
Remark:Host: Associate Professor Oren Cohen

Attosecond science is based on steering electrons by the electric field of a strong laser pulse. It has enabled
the observation of electron dynamics in atoms, molecules and solids on its natural time scale, the
attosecond domain (1as = 10
-18s). In my talk, I will show that attosecond science can be extended to the
nano-scale, opening up a new perspective for nanoscience and ultrafast spectroscopy. In a pioneering
experiment, we demonstrate that electron emission from a metallic nanostructure can be controlled by the
waveform of the electric field of a laser pulse. Depending on the absolute phase of the pulse, high-energy
electrons are emitted within one or two time windows of attosecond duration. We also show how strongfield-driven
photoemission can be used to sense electric fields with attosecond and nanometer resolution,

providing new tools for nano-optics and nonlinear optics. Our research bears the prospect of realizing
lightwave electronics, where a laser field can induce and control electric currents at optical (PHz)