future events

Specific Adsorption of Cations Studied by AFM and Charge Regulation

TYPEStatistical & Bio Seminar
Speaker:Tal Obstbaum
Location:Lidow Nathan Rosen (300)
Remark:PhD seminar
Specific Adsorption of Cations Studied by AFM and Charge Regulation
Abstract: Since the discovery of the Hofmeister effect in 1888, the varied propensity of ions to proteins, DNA and other surfaces has motivated research aimed at deciphering the underlying ion specific adsorption mechanism. Experimental and numerical studies have shown that in agreement with Collins' heuristic law of matching water affinity, weakly hydrated (chaotropic) ions adsorb preferentially to hydrophobic surfaces. In this seminar, I show that this preference is driven by expulsion of bound water molecules from the surface by the adsorbing ions. Using AFM spectroscopy of the force acting between two silica surfaces, we characterized surface charge regulation by adsorbed Na+ and Cs+ ions at different salt concentrations, pH values and temperatures. These data are analyzed in the framework of a theory of charge regulation, relating it to change in surface entropy. Upon binding to the silica, cesium cations expel water molecules from the surface to create additional adsorption sites for more ions. Cs+ adsorption is thus driven by the release of hydrating water molecules and the resulting increased surface entropy. The model indicates that on average, the binding of three cesium cations releases enough water molecules to make room for two additional bound cations. Na+ does not exhibit such behavior.