Silicon nitride intricate resonators for spin detection and polarization via resonant spin-mechanics coupling
TYPESolid State Institute Seminar
Speaker:Dr. Ran Fischer
Affiliation:LA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder CO 80309, USA
Time:12:30 - 13:30
Remark:Host: Assistant Professor Yoav Sagi
Abstract:Stoichiometric silicon nitride (Si3N4) films are a unique material in the field of nanomechanics due to their high internal stress that enables high mechanical quality factors along with high resonance frequencies. Moreover, the low optical absorption of Si3N4 films allow these resonators to be incorporated in a high finesse optical cavity displaying optomechanical phenomena, such as ground-state cooling, precision force displacement sensing, and microwaveoptical transducers. Here we propose a scheme to resonantly couple Si3N4 film resonators with 1 – 10 MHz resonant frequency to either nuclear or electronic spins. The resonators are placed inside a high finesse cavity, allowing efficient damping of the mechanical resonator to its grounds-state, while reducing its displacement noise. A resonant coupling between an optically cooled mechanical resonator to spins enables polarization of the latter species. The spin-mechanics resonant coupling also opens new paths for detection of nanoscale magnetic resonance force microscopy using transverse magnetization sensing. To boost spin-mechanics coupling, we fabricate intricate MHz frequency Si3N4 resonators designed to reduce the effective oscillating mass, while mitigating internal and external mechanical losses. We explore both “trampoline” type design, and more complex phononic crystal structures. Finally, we demonstrate initial magnetic force sensing of an ensemble of electronic spins utilizing a trampoline resonator at a level of ∼ 10 fN. R. Fischer1,2, T. Knief1,2, G. G. T. Assumpcao1,2, Y. Lin1,2, N. S. Kampel1,2, R. W. Peterson1,2, P. Rabl3 & C. A. Regal1,2 1JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder CO 80309, USA 2Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder CO 80309, USA 3Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology, Atominstitut, TU Wien, 1020 Vienna, Austria