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Similar pseudogap physics in intercalated transition metal dichalcolgenide CDW materials and cuprate HTSC

TYPECondensed Matter Seminar
Speaker:Utpal Chatterjee
Affiliation:University of Virginia
Location:Lidow Nathan Rosen (300)

Charge density waves (CDWs) and superconductivity are canonical examples of symmetry breaking in materials. Both are characterized by a complex order parameter –namely an amplitude and a phase. In the limit of weak coupling and in the absence of disorder, the formation of pairs (electron-electron for superconductivity, electron-hole for CDWs) and the establishment of macroscopic phase coherence both occur at the transition temperature Tc that marks the onset of long-range order. But, the situation may be drastically different at strong coupling or in the presence of disorder. We have performed extensive experimental investigations on pristine and intercalated samples of 2H-NbSe2, a transition metal dichalcogenide CDW material with strong electron-phonon coupling, using a combination of structural (X-ray), spectroscopic (photoemission and tunnelling) and transport probes. We find that Tc(δ) is suppressed as a function of the intercalation-concentration δ and eventually vanishes at a critical value of δ=δc leading to quantum phase transition (QPT). Our integrated approach provides clear signatures that the phase of the order parameter becomes incoherent at the quantum/ thermal phase transition, although the amplitude remains finite over an extensive region above Tc or beyond δc. This leads to the persistence of a gap in the electronic spectra in the absence of long-range order, a phenomenon strikingly similar to the so-called pseudogap in completely different systems such as high temperature superconductors, disordered  superconducting thin films and cold atoms.