future events

Experimental generation and verification of non-classical states of engineered mechanical objects

TYPESpecial Seminar - Solid State Institute, Technion
Speaker:Dr. Shlomi Kotler
Affiliation:Advanced Microwave Photonics Group and Ion Storage Group National Institute of Standards & Technology Boulder, CO, U.S.A
Time:12:30 - 13:30
Location:Solid State Auditorium(Entrance)

First and foremost, placing macroscopic objects in superposition states has captured the imagination and interest of physicist for
over a century. Today, at 2019, researchers are able to fulfill some of these dreams and gendanken experiments with bigger and
bigger objects (heavier, larger and involving more atoms). On a log scale, we moved from controlling the mechanical motion of
a single atom (~10-100 x 10^-27 Kg) to controling the collective motion of 10^12 atoms (~ 50 pg) or more. Mechanical quality
factors of various systems have been improving, from 10^5-10^6 to more than 10^9, in the past 5 years alone (!). Since no
inherent obstacle has been found to prohibit quantum mechanical control of even larger objects, the quest goes on.
Second, engineered mechanical systems stand out also in the context of Quantum Information Processing. They can be compact,
and easily fabricated. Their good quality factors means they are good quantum memories. They can accommodate multiple
transduction mechanisms (electric, magnetic, piezo-electric etc.). Finally, because their frequency can be very different than
their environment resonances, mechanical elements can decouple from the outside world, and couple only when needed.
Here we will review some of the work done at NIST and JILA in pursuit of these goals:
1. What kind of resources are needed to generate non-classical states. Specifically I will talk about
membrane to ion coupling
superconducting qubit to mechanical drum coupling (dispersive) and superconducting resonator to mechanical
2. Why verifying that indeed the state is non-classical is important and in some cases takes most of the work. Here we will focus
on the Simon-Duan criteria for Gaussian states, when we analyze entangled states of
two mechanical drums.