future events

How viscous bubbles collapse: a peephole into geometrically-nonlinear & topologically-nontrivial hydrodynamics

TYPEStatistical & Bio Seminar
Speaker:Benjamin Davidovitch
Affiliation:UMass Amherst
Time:11:30 - 12:30
Location:Lidow Nathan Rosen (300)

Floating viscous bubbles whose interior gas is rapidly depressurized exhibit a fascinating instability, whereby radial wrinkles permeate the liquid film in the course of its flattening (Debregeas et al, Science 1998; DaSilviera et al., Science 2000, Oratis et al., Science 2020). We show that this instability emerges from a largely unexplored type of Stokes hydrodynamics, that is geometrically-nonlinear flow of curved films of a viscous, volumetrically-incompressible liquid. This theoretical framework highlights profound similarities and differences between the mechanics of elastic sheets and viscous films, revealing experimental observations as a universal, curvature-driven surface dynamics, imparted by viscous resistance to temporal variations of the surface's Gaussian curvature. This novel surface dynamics has close ties to the kinetics of first-order phase transitions and to  ``Jelium physics" in continuum media, where topological defects, akin to localized charges in electrostatic media, spontaneously emerge to screen stress within the film.